After the lint is baled at the gin, samples taken from each bale
are classed according to fiber strength, length,
length uniformity, olor, non-fiber content and fineness using high
volume instrumentation (HVI) and the aid of
an expert called a Classer. Scientific quality control checks are
made periodically to ensure that instrument
and Classer accuracy is maintained. Cotton of a given variety
produces fibers of approximately the same
length. Since the fibers may vary within a bale, length uniformity
allows a determination of the variability within
that bale. Other quality factors also are important. The fiber’s
fineness is important for determining the type of
yarns that can be made from the fiber—the finer the cotton fibers,
the finer the yarns. Color or brightness of
the fibers also is important. Cotton that is very white generally
is of higher value than cottons whose color may
have yellowed with exposure to elements before harvesting. Cotton,
being a biological product, typically
contains particles of cotton leaves called trash. The amount of
trash also influences the cotton’s value since
the textile mill must remove trash before processing. The fiber’s
strength also is an important measurement
that ultimately influences the fabrics made from these fibers. The
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
establishes classing standards in cooperation with the entire
Cotton is ready for sale after instrument classing establishes the
quality parameters for each bale. The
marketing of cotton is a complex operation that includes all
transactions involving buying, selling or reselling
from the time the cotton is ginned until it reaches the textile
mill. Growers usually sell their cotton to a local
buyer or merchant after it has been ginned and baled, but if they
decide against immediate sale they can store
it and borrow money against it. Since it is a non-perishable crop,
cotton stored in a government-approved
warehouse provides a secure basis for a monetary loan.
Cotton actually is two crops, fiber and seed. About one-third of
the cottonseed produced from a typical crop is
crushed for oil and meal used in food products and in livestock and
poultry feed. For each 100 pounds of fiber
produced by the cotton plant, it also produces about 162 pounds of
cottonseed. Approximately 5 percent of the
total seed crop is reserved for planting; the remainder is used for
feeding as whole seeds or as raw material
for the cottonseed processing industry. After being separated from
the lint at the gin, the cotton’s seed is
transported to a cottonseed crushing mill. There it is cleaned and
conveyed to delinting machines which,
operating on the same principle as a gin, remove the remaining
short fibers which are known as linters. The
linters go through additional processing steps before being made
into a wide variety of products ranging from
mattress stuffing to photographic film. After the linters are
removed, the seed is put through a machine that
employs a series of knives to loosen the hulls from the kernel. The
seeds are then passed through shakers
and beaters. The separated hulls are marketed for livestock feed or
industrial products, and the kernels are
ready for the extraction of oil, the seed’s most valuable
byproduct. Solvent extraction or presses remove the
oil. After further processing, the oil is used in cooking or salad
oil, shortening and margarine. Limited quantities
also go into soaps, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, textile finishes
and other products. The remaining meat of the
kernel is converted into meal, the second most valuable by-product.
High in protein, it is used in feed for all
classes of livestock and poultry. Cottonseed meal makes an
excellent natural fertilizer for lawns, flower beds
Will be continued in the next chapter.
1.I wonder if you can accept small orders?
Yes,we can accept small orders if we have the products in
stock.Please feel free to contact us for more details.
2.Can you do OEM for me?
We accept all OEM orders,please contact us and give me your
designs.We will offer you a reasonable price and make samples for
3.Can you do designs for me?
Yes,dear,we have experienced designers.According to your
requirements,we can add your company logo, website, phone number or
your ideas...on product.Just give me your ideas,let us do it for
4.Can you do custom package?
Yes, we can help for custom packages, and please provide your
design of the packages.
5.What is your sample policy?
For existing item, we can offer one piece each item free of charge
but the shipping cost are for your account. If you need to open a
new mould,please send me your designs to us.
Neck-4TH overlock set neck band to neck. 2N 1/4" straddle front
neckline. Clean finish back neckline with bindingm edgestitch
Cuff-Circular set sleeve cuff to sleeve with 4 thread overlock. 3
needle 5 thread straddle coverstitch sleeve cuff seam.
Sweep Hem-Single needle join side of bottom band. Set to body with
a 4 thread overlock 3 needle 5 thread straddle coverstitch band